JSOC - Joint Special Operations Command
JSOC was established in 1980 in the aftermath of the failed attempt by US Special Operations Forces to rescue American hostages held in Iran (Operation Eagle Claw).
JSOC is designed as a common command structure between Army, Air Force and Navy Special Operations elements. As can be deduced from its subordinate units, JSOC's current focus is thought to be towards counter terrorism. JSOC is a component of United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM or SOCOM)
JSOC is based at Pope Air Force Base and at Fort Bragg, both of which are in North Carolina.
JSOC - Components
JSOC has the following units under its umbrella:
- 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta (Delta Force )
- Intelligence Support Activity (ISA)
- Naval Special Warfare Development Group (DEVGRU)
- 24th Special Tactics Squadron
(USAF Combat Controllers / Pararescuemen)
Lesser known JSOC components are thought to include:
- Joint Communications Unit
- 66th Air Operations Squadron
- Aviation Tactics and Evaluation Group
- Technical Applications Program Office
- Ground Applications Program Office
When operating as part of a JSOC task force, attached supporting units such as elements of the 75th Ranger Regiment and the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment will fall under control of JSOC. It has been rumoured that the 75th Ranger Regiment's Ranger Reconnaissance Company (RRC) has been made a full-time JSOC component. Special Forces CIF companies may also be temporarily brought in for JSOC operations.