Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha (SFOD A)
The Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA), also known as an SFOD-A or an 'A-Team', is the primary fighting force of the Green Berets.
ODA - Composition
ODAs are made up of 12 men, each with a separate Military Occupational Specialty (MOS). Each ODA member is cross-trained in other specialties.
A typical 12-man ODA comprises:
Several ODAs within a given Special Forces Group have a specialized designation that reflects its particular skill set with regards to infil/exfil method or specific role.
These ODA team designations include:
- Military Free-Fall (MFF) Team
Free-Fall ODAs are trained to high standards in military parachuting, including High Altitude Low Opening (HALO) oxygen-assisted parachute insertion.
All members of a MFF ODA will have gone through Military Free-Fall Parachutist Course (MFFPC). 2 members of a MFF Team will also have gone through the Military Free Fall Jumpmaster (MFFJM) course.
photo / more info : Free-Fall Team
- Combat Diver Teams / SCUBA Teams
Special Forces Combat Diver Teams / SCUBA Teams / Dive Teams are trained in amphibious inflitration / exfiltration, including small boat ops and SCUBA diving.
All members of a Combat Diver Team will have passed through the Special Forces Combat Diver Qualification Course (SFCDQC) pipeline. SCUBA Teams will also include at least 2 members that have gone through the Special Forces Combat Diving Supervisor Course (CDSC) and 2 that have completed the Special Forces Combat Diving Medical Technician (CDMT) program.
photo / more info : Combat Dive Team
- Mountain Team
Mountain ODAs have been trained in mountaineering and associated disciplines such as horsemanship and cold-weather operations.
photo / more info : Mountain Team
- Mobility / Mounted Team
Mounted ODAs specialize in the use of the Ground Mobility Vehicle (GMV).
photo / more info : Mounted Team
Both Active Duty and National Guard ODAs are required to have a minimum of
three jumpmasters, two SOTIC (level 1) Soldiers, two Advanced Special Operations Techniques
ASOT (level III) Soldiers. Also, all SF Soldiers will be SFAUC and ASOT (level II) qualified. Additionally, each Special Forces detachment will have a qualified Air Movement Officer (AMO)
and a Soldier qualified in handling hazardous materials (HAZMAT).
Of the 6 ODAs in a typical Special Forces Company, 1 will be a SCUBA team, 1 will be a MFF team. The remaining four will either be non-specialised 'Ruck' teams or designated as Mountain ODAs, Mobility ODAs etc.
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