Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewman (SWCC)Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen (SWCC) are members of special boat teams (SBTs) operating under Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSPECWARCOM).
Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewman - Role
The primary role of SWCCs is to insert and extract Special Operations Forces (SOF), typically SEALs. They operate a range of specialised surface boats over the ocean, around coastal areas and along river networks. SWWCs are capable of carrying out a range of maritime special operations:
- Unconventional Warfare
- Foreign Internal Defense
- Direct Action
- Special Reconnaissance
- Hydrographic Reconnaissance
Special Boat Teams
SWCCs are assigned to special boat teams (SBTs). Special boat teams consist of an HQ element, administration, ordnance, engineering, communications, training, medical, intelligence and supply elements and an operations element that fields boat detachments known as SPECBOATDETs.
SPECBOATDETs are typically made up of 2 craft, their SWCC operators and the combat service support (CSS) personnel who maintain the boats.
Special Boat Teams 12 and 20 deploy SPECBOATDET-Coastal detachments. These carry out operations on the open ocean and the litoral environment. Special Boat Team 22 deploys SPECBOATDET-Riverine detachments who operate along river networks.
- Special Boat Team 12 (SBT-12) - West Coast - Coronado.
Consists of 4 Special Boat Teams fielding 5 SPECBOATDETs-Coastal per team.
SBT-12 boats employed:
- Special Boat Team 20 (SBT-20) - East Coast - Little Creek, Va.
Consists of 4 Special Boat Teams fielding 4 SPECBOATDETs-Coastal per team.
SBT-20 boats employed:
- Special Boat Team 22 (SBT-22) - South - Stennis, Miss.
Consists of 4 Riverine Teams fielding 2 SPECBOATDETs-Riverine per team.
SBT-22 boats employed:
SBT-12 and SBT-20 can deploy SPECBOATDET–Master Mariner detachments. These are 4-man elements made up experienced SWCCs who have trained to operate a selection of commercial and civilian vessels. The Master Marine detachments allow the SWCCs to operate in a covert manner when the use of identifiable U.S. vessels are unsuitable.
SWCC - Training
Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen candidates undergo an initial SWCC basic crewman training (BCT) program. This 7-week course focuses on navigation, boat tactics, physical fitness, water competency, seamanship, team work, weapons, communications, maritime insertion and extraction, coastal patrol and interdiction and mental toughness. BCT includes a 51-hour exercise which tests navigation, boat tactics and swimming.
Those passing BCT move on to Crewman Qualification Training (CQT), a 21-week course which covers weapons, seamanship, navigation, communication, maritime patrols, marksmanship, first aid, close quarters combat (CQC), language training and Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE).
Those who complete SWCC training are designated as NSW boat operators and are assigned to a special boat team.
SWWC operators may specialize in a number of areas: ordnance, navigation, intelligence, communications, engineering, tactical ground mobility, military freefall and air operations. A given SPECBOATDET will have SWCC specialists trained in crew-served weapons (M2HB, MK-19 etc), stand-off weapons, Joint Terminal Attack Control (JTAC), language skill, master mariner (use of commercial / civilian vessels) and the use of Unmanned Aerial Systems.
Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewman - Notable Operations
- 2003 - present - Iraq - Operation Iraqi Freedom
SWWC/SEAL teams secured several off-shore oil platforms, ensuring they could not be destroyed by Iraqi forces
SWCC boat teams secured the Khor Al Abdullah, Khor Az Zubayar and Shat Al Arab waterways